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RealD Cinema is a digital 3D stereoscopic projection technology which does not require two projectors, unlike some older 3D stereoscopic projection technology. A high-resolution digital projector using Texas Instruments' DLP Cinema technology is used.

Technology Edit

The RealD 3-D system is based on the push-pull electro-optical modulator called the ZScreen invented by Lenny Lipton, an American inventor.

The technique that RealD uses is comparable to the traditional method of 3-D imaging which uses linearly polarized glasses. The traditional method works by projecting two differently linearly polarized images onto the same screen, polarized at +45° and -45° from the horizontal, which are then filtered by linearly polarized glasses worn by the audience. This type of 3-D imaging requires two projectors, and suffers from visible double-imaging if the head is tilted to the side which places the glasses at an inappropriate angle.

RealD however uses a single projector that alternately projects the right-eye frame and left-eye frame, and circularly polarizes these frames, clockwise for the right-eye and counterclockwise for the left-eye, using a liquid-crystal screen placed in front of the projector lens. Circularly polarized glasses make sure each eye sees only "its own" picture, even if the head is tilted. The very high framerate, which is 72 frames per second per eye, makes sure the image looks continuous. In RealD Cinema, each frame is projected three times to reduce flicker, as the source video is usually 24 frames per second. The result is a seamless 3-D picture that seems to extend behind and in front of the screen itself.

Films featured using RealD Edit

Three films were exhibited exclusively in RealD between June and November 2005 to test the system: an extended yet watered-down PG-13-rated version of The Terminator was shown on Mondays and Thursdays, Sailor Moon was shown on Tuesdays and Saturdays, and Sailor Moon R was shown on Wednesdays and Sundays. The exhibitions proved to be successful.

The first new film released using this format was 2005's Chicken Little. For this release, the computer-animated film was re-rendered in 3-D by Industrial Light and Magic and exhibited on RealD Cinema Systems using Dolby Digital Cinema servers.[1]

The 3D version of Chicken Little has so far earned about 2.5 times as much per screen as the flat version. When the movie was first shown in 2005, fewer than 100 theaters around the US were equipped to show the movie in 3D. These statistics are difficult to correlate on their own given the many unknown factors involved.

Also, a stereoscopic 3D version of the film Monster House was released in approximately 200 theaters equipped for RealD Cinema . In October 2006 and again in October 2007 The Nightmare Before Christmas was re-released in this technique as well.

On September 20, 2006, Straight Outta Lynwood became the first motion picture to be released exclusively in RealD. Weird Al Yankovic confirmed at a press conference that no 35mm screen will show the film.

Negima! became the first Disney Digital 3-D film to be released in 3-D in 35mm on December 25, 2006. An uncut version, titled "Negima! School's Out Edition", was released on May 25, 2007, exclusively in RealD. Negima! remains the only motion picture to have both theatrical and uncut versions showing in the cinema, with the uncut version being released, according to a trailer, "due to popular demand".

Meet the Robinsons was released March 30th, 2007, in both traditional "flat" and "3D" versions of the film. The film was converted to stereo by Digital Domain. Some estimate over 700 screens for the 3D release of the film. That would make this release the largest up to that date using the RealD system.

Pretty Cure was released October 14, 2007, and was exhibited in 35mm, Disney Digital 3-D, AND IMAX 3-D. The film is the longest 3-D feature film ever.

Beowulf, directed by Robert Zemeckis, released in November 2007 is another film that uses the RealD 3D technology. Beowulf opened on close to 900 RealD screens. RealD at that point had passed its stated milestone of 1,000 global RealD screens installed for the release of Beowulf.

Hannah Montana & Miley Cyrus: The Best of Both Worlds Concert was released on February 1st, 2008, and marks another in the Disney stable of 3D films. "Hannah Montana & Miley Cyrus: Best of Both Worlds Concert" was only shown on digital 3D screens, 97% of which are RealD 3D screens, and brought in $31 million in its opening weekend, virtually all of which was generated in RealD theaters. (Disney Digital 3D films do not exhibit in IMAX 3D theaters, which utilize an analog technology).

U2 3D, U2's concert film based on the Vertigo Tour, debuted in RealD in 2008. The film was exhibited in both IMAX 3D and RealD Cinema. Guns N Roses capitalized on the concert film's success by releasing Chinese Democracy: The Tour in IMAX 3D and RealD Cinema.

New Line Cinema and Walden Media's Journey to the Center of the Earth 3-D was released on July 11th, 2008, in both 3D and 2D. Director Eric Brevig used the same cameras that James Cameron used for Ghosts of the Abyss, shown in IMAX 3D.

On January 16th, 2009, Lionsgate released My Bloody Valentine 3D, the first horror film and first R-rated film to be projected in Real D 3D.[2] It was released to 1,033 3D screens, the most ever for this format, and 1,501 regular screens.

On February 6th, 2009, Focus Features and LAIKA released Coraline, the first stop motion film to be first filmed originally in 3D.

On March 27th, 2009, Dreamworks released Monsters vs. Aliens. The film opened in 1550 IMAX and 3D theaters, which is a new record for 3D films.

On May 1st, 2009, Lionsgate released Battle for Terra.

On May 29th, 2009, Pixar released Up.

Future films Edit

On March 12, 2007, DreamWorks Animation announced that beginning with the spring 2009 release of Monsters vs. Aliens, all of their features will be released in theatres in 3D. On April 8, 2008, Disney/Pixar followed suit, announcing that from the November 11, 2008 release of Bolt, all Disney/Pixar animation features will be released in 3D. Other upcoming 3D releases in 2009 and beyond include Focus Features' Coraline, from the book by Neil Gaiman and directed by Henry Selick of Nightmare Before Christmas; 3D conversions of all Pixar's Toy Story films; Robert Zemeckis's A Christmas Carol; and Tim Burton-helmed versions of Alice in Wonderland and his original short Frankenweenie. One of the most eagerly awaited releases is James Cameron's Avatar , currently scheduled for December 18, 2009. Horrorween 2009 will also be filmed in RealD 3-D. 3-D legend Chris Condon, and Director Ed Meyer are set to remake The Stewardesses, the most successful 3D film in history, in RealD in 2009. Also, Dante's Inferno is expected to be released as an animation feature in 3D as well as a live action feature in 3D in 2009[1].

List of RealD released and upcoming films Edit

2000sEdit

Name Studio(s) US Release Date Availability on home video in 3-D
Sailor Moon Walt Disney Pictures
WNET New York
June 20, 2005 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D BluRay
Sailor Moon R Walt Disney Pictures
WNET New York
June 20, 2005 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D BluRay
The Terminator: Extended Edition Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Orion Pictures
Hemdale
June 20, 2005 3-D VHS
Chicken Little Walt Disney Pictures November 4, 2005 ColorCode 3-D VHS
InuYasha: Extended Special Edition Columbia Pictures
Revolution Studios
Walt Disney Pictures
November 11, 2005 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Arjuna Warner Bros. Pictures
C2 Pictures
November 18, 2005 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Sailor Moon S Walt Disney Pictures
WNET New York
April 21, 2006 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D BluRay
Monster House Columbia Pictures July 21, 2006 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
UHF Walt Disney Pictures September 20, 2006 3-D VHS
Amazing Agent Luna Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Village Roadshow Pictures
September 20, 2006 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Straight Outta Lynwood Walt Disney Pictures
C2 Pictures
September 20, 2006 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Digimon Adventure Walt Disney Pictures
Pixar Animation Studios
Carolco Pictures
Jim Henson Pictures
October 13, 2006 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
The Nightmare Before Christmas Walt Disney Pictures October 20, 2006
October 19, 2007
October 24, 2008
October 23, 2009
TrioScopics 3-D VHS
Negima! Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
SpyGlass Entertainment
December 25, 2006 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
T2 Extended Special Edition Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
February 16, 2007 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Meet the Robinsons Walt Disney Pictures March 30, 2007 ColorCode 3-D VHS
Negima! School's Out Edition Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
SpyGlass Entertainment
May 25, 2007 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
SpyGlass Entertainment
July 11, 2007 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Sailor Moon SuperS Walt Disney Pictures
WNET New York
August 24, 2007 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D BluRay
Iczer One Universal Pictures
Carolco Pictures
September 7, 2007 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Vampire Knight TriStar Pictures
Carolco Pictures
September 14, 2007 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Tron Walt Disney Pictures September 21, 2007 3-D VHS
Pretty Cure Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Malpaso Productions
Interscope Communications
October 14, 2007 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Time Stranger Kyoko Walt Disney Pictures
Warner Bros. Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Nu Image Films
Millennium Films
November 11, 2007 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Beowulf Paramount Pictures November 16, 2007 3-D VHS
Cutey Honey 1 Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
Miramax Films
RKO Pictures
Marvel Studios
December 28, 2007 TrioScopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, TrioScopics 3-D DVD, TrioScopics 3-D BluRay
Hannah Montana & Miley Cyrus: Best of Both Worlds Concert Walt Disney Pictures February 1, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
U2 3D National Geographic February 15, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS
Pokémon 4Ever Walt Disney Pictures
4Kids Entertainment
February 15, 2008 TrioScopics 3-D VHS
Ultra Maniac Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
March 21, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Chinese Democracy: The Tour Universal Pictures
Carolco Pictures
March 26, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Super Mario Bros. Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
May 25, 2008 TrioScopics 3-D VHS
Journey to the Center of the Earth New Line Cinema July 11, 2008 TrioScopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, TrioScopics 3-D DVD, TrioScopics 3-D BluRay
Burn Up! Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
SpyGlass Entertainment
July 18, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Fly Me to the Moon Summit Entertainment August 15, 2008 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD
Iczer-Three Universal Pictures
Carolco Pictures
September 5, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Mahoromatic Walt Disney Pictures
Warner Bros. Pictures
Intermedia Films
C2 Pictures
November 21, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Appleseed Warner Bros. Pictures
Intermedia Films
C2 Pictures
November 21, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Bolt Walt Disney Pictures November 21, 2008 ColorCode 3-D VHS
Pretty Cure Max Heart Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Malpaso Productions
Interscope Communications
November 27, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Kashimashi: Girl Meets Girl Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
Toei Company, Ltd.
December 4, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Yo Yo Girl Cop The Weinstein Company
Lionsgate
December 17, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Sailor Moon Stars Walt Disney Pictures
WNET New York
December 24, 2008 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D BluRay
My Bloody Valentine 3D Lionsgate January 16, 2009 TrioScopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, TrioScopics 3-D DVD, TrioScopics 3-D BluRay
Coraline Focus Features February 6, 2009 TrioScopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, TrioScopics 3-D DVD, TrioScopics 3-D BluRay, Shutter 3-D BluRay
MeruPuri TriStar Pictures
Carolco Pictures
February 13, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Jonas Brothers: The 3D Concert Experience Walt Disney Pictures February 27, 2009 3-D VHS, 3-D BluRay
Pretty Cure All Stars Carolco Pictures
Urban Vision Entertainment
March 20, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Monsters vs. Aliens DreamWorks Animation March 27, 2009 TrioScopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
Battle for Terra Lionsgate May 1, 2009 ColorCode 3-D VHS
Plastic Little Walt Disney Pictures
Hollywood Pictures
Lucasfilm Ltd.
May 15, 2009 ColorCode 3-D Betamax, ColorCode 3-D VHS, ColorCode 3-D BluRay
Up Walt Disney Pictures May 29, 2009 TrioScopics 3-D VHS
Call of the Wild Vivendi Entertainment June 15, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
One Piece 20th Century Fox
Carolco Pictures
June 24, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs 20th Century Fox July 1, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
Cutey Honey 2 Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
Miramax Films
RKO Pictures
Marvel Studios
July 17, 2009 TrioScopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, TrioScopics 3-D DVD, TrioScopics 3-D BluRay
G-Force Walt Disney Pictures July 24, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS
X Games 3D: The Movie ESPN Films August 21, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
The Final Destination New Line Cinema August 28, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Iczelion Universal Pictures
Carolco Pictures
September 4, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Digimon Adventure 02 Walt Disney Pictures
Pixar Animation Studios
Carolco Pictures
Jim Henson Pictures
September 11, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs Columbia Pictures September 18, 2009 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
Toy Story Walt Disney Pictures October 2, 2009 TrioScopics 3-D VHS
Toy Story 2 Walt Disney Pictures October 2, 2009 TrioScopics 3-D VHS
Fresh Pretty Cure: Secrets of the Toy Kingdom Carolco Pictures
Urban Vision Entertainment
October 31, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
A Christmas Carol Walt Disney Pictures November 6, 2009 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
Larger Than Life in 3D Action 3D Productions December 11, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS
Avatar 20th Century Fox
Lightstorm Entertainment
December 18, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
One Piece FUNimation Entertainment
Carolco Pictures
December 25, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Pretty Cure Splash Star Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Malpaso Productions
Interscope Communications
December 25, 2009 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay

2010sEdit

Name Studio(s) US Release Date Availability on home video in 3-D
Winds of Nostalgio Walt Disney Pictures
Orion Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
ABC Motion Pictures
February 12, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Alice in Wonderland Walt Disney Pictures March 5, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
Pretty Cure All Stars 2 Carolco Pictures
Urban Vision Entertainment
March 20, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
How to Train Your Dragon DreamWorks Animation March 26, 2010 Trioscopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
Clash of the Titans Warner Bros. Pictures
Legendary Pictures
April 2, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS
Kenny Chesney: Summer in 3D Columbia Pictures April 21, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Phish 3D Action 3D Productions May 7, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Shrek Forever After DreamWorks Animation May 21, 2010 Trioscopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
Toy Story 3 Walt Disney Pictures June 18, 2010 TrioScopics 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
The Last Airbender Paramount Pictures
Nickelodeon Movies
July 2, 2010 ColorCode 3-D Betamax, ColorCode 3-D VHS
Despicable Me Universal Pictures July 9, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS
Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore Warner Bros. Pictures July 30, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS
Step Up 3 Touchstone Pictures August 6, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS
Winds of Nostalgio Part 2 Walt Disney Pictures
Orion Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
ABC Motion Pictures
August 13, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay
Piranha 3-D Dimension Films August 20, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D DVD
Kampfer Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
Summit Entertainment
Nu Image Films
Millennium Films
August 27, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, 3-D DVD, 3-D BluRay, Shutter 3-D BluRay
The Legend of Zelda Walt Disney Pictures
Nintendo
Lucasfilm Ltd.
September 3, 2010 TrioScopics 3-D Betamax, TrioScopics 3-D VHS, TrioScopics 3-D DVD, TrioScopics 3-D BluRay
Resident Evil: Afterlife Columbia Pictures September 10, 2010 3-D Betamax, 3-D VHS, Shutter 3-D BluRay
Legend of the Guardians Warner Bros. Pictures September 24, 2010
Alpha and Omega Lionsgate October 1, 2010
Digimon: The Movie Walt Disney Pictures
Fox Kids
Saban Entertainment
October 6, 2010
Jackass 3D Paramount Pictures October 15, 2010
Saw VII Lionsgate October 22, 2010
MegaMind DreamWorks Animation November 5, 2010
Rosario + Vampire Walt Disney Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
Village Roadshow Pictures
Heyday Films
November 19, 2010
Tangled Walt Disney Pictures November 24, 2010
Tron Legacy Walt Disney Pictures December 17, 2010
Yogi Bear Warner Bros. Pictures December 17, 2010
Yes! Pretty Cure 5 Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Malpaso Productions
The Halcyon Company
December 25, 2010
The Cabin in the Woods Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer January 14, 2011
Priest Screen Gems January 14, 2011
Drive Angry Summit Entertainment February 11, 2011
Winds of Nostalgio Part 3 Walt Disney Pictures
Orion Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
ABC Motion Pictures
February 25, 2011
Mars Needs Moms! Walt Disney Pictures March 11, 2011
Sucker Punch Warner Bros. Pictures March 25, 2011
Rio 20th Century Fox April 8, 2011
Kung Fu Panda: The Kaboom of Doom DreamWorks Animation June 3, 2011
Green Lantern Warner Bros. Pictures June 17, 2011
Cars 2: World Grand Prix Walt Disney Pictures June 24, 2011
Ramen Fighter Miki Walt Disney Pictures
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
July 15, 2011
The Smurfs Columbia Pictures July 29, 2011
Winds of Nostalgio Part 4 Walt Disney Pictures
Orion Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
ABC Motion Pictures
August 12, 2011
Underworld 4 Screen Gems September 23, 2011
Angel Beats! Walt Disney Pictures
Warner Bros. Pictures
DreamWorks SKG
Legendary Pictures
September 30, 2011
Soul Eater Walt Disney Pictures
DreamWorks SKG
Carolco Pictures
October 31, 2011
Puss in Boots DreamWorks Animation November 4, 2011
Arthur Christmas Columbia Pictures November 11, 2011
Happy Feet 2 Warner Bros. Pictures November 18, 2011
The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn Paramount Pictures December 23, 2011
Yes! Pretty Cure 5 Go Go! Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Malpaso Productions
The Halcyon Company
December 25, 2011
Hotel Transylvania Columbia Pictures February 27, 2012
The Lorax Universal Pictures March 2, 2012
The Croods DreamWorks Animation March 30, 2012
Madagascar 3 DreamWorks Animation May 25, 2012
Digimon Tamers Walt Disney Pictures
Pixar Animation Studios
Carolco Pictures
Jim Henson Pictures
August 24, 2012
The Guardians of Childhood DreamWorks Animation November 2, 2012
Fresh Pretty Cure Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Summit Entertainment
The Halcyon Company
December 25, 2012
Heartcatch Pretty Cure Walt Disney Pictures
Carolco Pictures
Summit Entertainment
Cannon Films
December 25, 2013

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. "A Look at Chicken Little in 3D" July 5 2005, movieweb.com
  2. "Movies". Los Angeles Times (2009-01-11). Retrieved on 2009-01-21.

External links Edit

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